Low blood glucose - hypoglycaemia

The treatment given for diabetes lowers bloodA fluid that transports oxygen and other substances through the body, made up of blood cells suspended in a liquid. glucoseA simple sugar that is an important source of energy in the body.. Sometimes, however, it can lower the bloodA fluid that transports oxygen and other substances through the body, made up of blood cells suspended in a liquid. glucoseA simple sugar that is an important source of energy in the body. too much so that levels become very low. This is called hypoglycaemiaLow blood glucose levels.. This may be caused by: [1]

  • Having too much insulinA hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreas that acts to lower blood glucose levels.
  • Skipping a meal
  • Doing a lot of exercise
  • Drinking too much alcohol on an empty stomach
  • Incorrect insulinA hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreas that acts to lower blood glucose levels. injection technique
  • Injection site lipohypertrophyThe build-up of fat tissue at the site of repeated insulin injections, due to the local effects of insulin..

The symptoms of hypoglycaemiaLow blood glucose levels. usually develop rapidly and may include: [1]

  • Sweating and shakiness
  • Hunger
  • Tremor
  • Drowsiness
  • Feeling irritable or confused; some people may have a change in personality, for example, becoming aggressive
  • Tingling lips
  • Weakness
  • Nausea
  • If left untreated, it may eventually result in fits and loss of consciousness.

You can check for hypoglycaemiaLow blood glucose levels. by a finger-prick test at home, or by having a bloodA fluid that transports oxygen and other substances through the body, made up of blood cells suspended in a liquid. sample taken in hospital.[2]

Treatment

If you think that you may have hypoglycaemiaLow blood glucose levels., the immediate action is to eat or drink something sweet - for example, a fizzy drink or sugar cubes. After this, it's important to have a longer-acting carbohydrate food, such as a sandwich.[3]

However, if the glucoseA simple sugar that is an important source of energy in the body. level in the bloodA fluid that transports oxygen and other substances through the body, made up of blood cells suspended in a liquid. falls very low, this can lead to confusion, slurred speech and a reduced level of consciousness - so eating or drinking may not be possible. In this case, you would be given an injection of a hormoneA substance produced by a gland in one part of the body and carried by the blood to the organs or tissues where it has an effect. called glucagonA hormone produced by the pancreas that broadly opposes the actions of insulin and so increases the blood sugar (glucose) level.. Broadly speaking, the actions of glucagonA hormone produced by the pancreas that broadly opposes the actions of insulin and so increases the blood sugar (glucose) level. oppose those of insulinA hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreas that acts to lower blood glucose levels.; it acts to increase the level of glucoseA simple sugar that is an important source of energy in the body. in the bloodA fluid that transports oxygen and other substances through the body, made up of blood cells suspended in a liquid..

When the problem has been dealt with, it is important to seek and rectify the cause of hypoglycaemiaLow blood glucose levels..

References: 
  1. Longmore M, Wilkinson I and Török E. Oxford Handbook of Clinical Medicine 2002; 5th edition.
  2. Cramer JA, Benedict A, Muszbek N et al. The significance of compliance and persistence in the treatment of diabetes, hypertensionHigh blood pressure. and dyslipidaemiaAbnormal levels of lipids (fats) in the blood.: a review. Int J Clin Pract 2008; 62: 76-87.
  3. de Galan BE, Schouwenberg BJJW, Tack CJ et al. Pathophysiology and management of recurrent hypoglycaemiaLow blood glucose levels. and hypoglycaemiaLow blood glucose levels. unawareness in diabetes. The Netherlands Journal of Medicine 2006; 64: 269-79.