Urine tests

Urine glucose

Having glucoseA simple sugar that is an important source of energy in the body. in your urine suggests that you have diabetes, but this is not always the case.

For example, glucoseA simple sugar that is an important source of energy in the body. in the urine is often seen in pregnancy, and although further testing - for example, bloodA fluid that transports oxygen and other substances through the body, made up of blood cells suspended in a liquid. glucoseA simple sugar that is an important source of energy in the body. testing - is warranted, this does not always mean that the woman has diabetes.[1]

Urine 'dipstick' tests are often used.

The best time to check the urine for glucoseA simple sugar that is an important source of energy in the body. is one to two hours after eating - unlike bloodA fluid that transports oxygen and other substances through the body, made up of blood cells suspended in a liquid. tests, which are best done following an overnight fast.

Having glucoseA simple sugar that is an important source of energy in the body. in the urine should always prompt bloodA fluid that transports oxygen and other substances through the body, made up of blood cells suspended in a liquid. testing for glucoseA simple sugar that is an important source of energy in the body..[1]

More about urine testing.

Ketones

Ketones are acidic compounds that are produced when fatOne of the three main food constituents (with carbohydrate and protein), and the main form in which energy is stored in the body. is broken down. The presence of ketonesA group of compounds that are produced by fat metabolism. in the urine may suggest that a person has diabetes, but it does not always mean that this is so.

For example, ketonesA group of compounds that are produced by fat metabolism. may also be present if you have been fasting or have just undergone strenuous exercise, or if you have a diet high in fatOne of the three main food constituents (with carbohydrate and protein), and the main form in which energy is stored in the body. and low in carbohydratesA group of compounds that are an important energy source, including sugars and starch..[2]

Protein

It is important to check the urine for protein in people who have been diagnosed with diabetes, as this can identify kidney problems or a urinary tract infectionInvasion by organisms that may be harmful, for example bacteria or parasites..[2]

Assessment for complications

References

  1. Different strategies for screening and prevention of type 2 diabetes in adults: cost effectiveness analysis. Gillies CL, Lambert PC, Abrams KR et al. BMJ. 2008;336:1180-5.
  2. Boon NA, Colledge NR and Walker BR. Davidson's Principles and Practice of Medicine Churchill Livingstone Elsevier. 2006; 20th edition.