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Scientists provide insights into crucial interaction for DNA repair

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
Osaka University scientists, in collaboration with The University of Tokyo, describe the crystal structure of RNF168 bound to ubiquitin chains, a crucial interaction for DNA repair, to find a unique interaction DNA is like the computer code of the body, and it must be preserved for our bodies to survive.

New high-sensitivity blood tests could aid faster diagnosis and treatment for heart attack

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
When diagnosing a heart attack, accuracy and timing are everything. A new test designed to better measure levels of troponin, a protein released when the heart muscle is damaged, could help emergency department physicians provide faster diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Postcard from Sacramento: Alzheimer’s ‘looks like me, it looks like you’

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
Until last year, Jackie Coleman was a disability rights lawyer — a good one, too.

ViLim Ball technology helps reduce uncontrollable shaking hands

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
ViLim Ball technology created at a Lithuanian startup company Fidens helps to reduce uncontrollable shaking hands, which is one of the symptoms of essential tremor. The technology is effective in 7 out of 10 cases, and it can also be used to alleviate morning stiffness of joints for rheumatoid arthritis sufferers.

Study reveals negative long-term effects of heavy cannabis use on brain function and behavior

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
Young people with cannabis dependence have altered brain function that may be the source of emotional disturbances and increased psychosis risk that are associated with cannabis abuse, according to a new study published in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging.

In Wisconsin, hopes rise for production of a lifesaving radioactive isotope

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
In a cornfield here, past the shuttered General Motors plant and the Janesville Terrace trailer home park, a facility not seen in the United States in three decades could soon rise: a manufacturing plant that will make a vital radioactive isotope used to detect cancer and other potentially fatal maladies in millions of people every year.

The Salk Institute and Indivumed collaborate for cutting-edge cancer research

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
The Salk Institute, which hosts a National Cancer Institute-designated cancer center and Indivumed GmbH, a world leading cancer research company today announce a multi-year strategic alliance to secure, preserve and analyze human cancer tissue and annotated clinical data from consenting patients around the world, enabling the most cutting-edge basic and translational research in cancer.

Researchers develop software to better predict risk of leakage around aortic stents

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
Researchers at the St. Antonius Hospital Utrecht/Nieuwegein and the University of Twente in the Netherlands have developed software to better predict the risk of blood leaking around a patient's aortic stent. Last week, Richte Schuurmann, a Technical Physician, was awarded a PhD by the University of Twente for his research on this topic.

Bile acids could directly burn away lipids in the fat depots

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
The EPFL scientists discovered that bile acids can turn fat-storing cells into fat-burning ones. This process is called thermogenesis (literally, "heat production") and it helps maintain body temperature in cold environments.

When you need a breast screening, should you get a 3-D mammogram?

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
When I went to the imaging center for my regular mammogram last year, the woman behind the desk asked me if I'd like to get a "3-D" mammogram instead of the standard test I'd had in the past.

Johns Hopkins gets approval to perform HIV positive to HIV positive living donor kidney transplants

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
Johns Hopkins hopes to become the first hospital in the U.S. to perform HIV-positive to HIV-positive organ transplants from living donors.

New study enrolls first patient to evaluate potential of WaveCrest LAAO System

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
Johnson & Johnson Medical Devices Companies today announced that Biosense Webster, Inc., a worldwide leader in the diagnosis and treatment of heart arrhythmias, enrolled the first patient in the WaveCrest Investigational Device Exemption Trial.

Energy drinks dangerous for kids

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
University of Waterloo in Canada have warned that energy drinks containing excess caffeine and sugar can lead to rapid heart rate, palpitations, headaches and even seizures in some rare instances. Their new study examined the risks posed by these drinks and appears in the latest issue of the journal CMAJ Open.

Lamprey genes provide clues to repair spinal cord damage, finds study

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
Researchers have found that several genes within an ancient species of fish can be used to provide clues in the treatment of spinal cord damage. The study titled, “Highly Conserved Molecular Pathways, Including Wnt Signaling, Promote Functional Recovery from Spinal Cord Injury in Lampreys,” appeared in the latest issue of the journal Scientific Reports.

Research opens door to development of new treatment for type 2 diabetes

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
The team lead by Sílvia Vilares Conde, from CEDOC-NOVA Medical School, in collaboration with the pharmaceutical company Galvani Bioelectronics, demonstrated through findings in rats that is possible to restore insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis, by modulating electrically the carotid sinus nerve, the sensitive nerve that connects the carotid body with the brain. The study is published in Diabetologia, the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes.

Teens who watch TV shows with ads likely to eat more junk food

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
Teenagers who watch more than three hours of commercial TV a day are more likely to eat hundreds of extra junk food snacks, according to a report by Cancer Research UK.

Doctors warn against holding your nose and closing your mouth to contain a sneeze

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
Pinching your nose while clamping your mouth shut to contain a forceful sneeze isn't a good idea, warn doctors in the journal BMJ Case Reports.

FDA grants approval for first drug to treat inherited breast cancer

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today expanded the approved use of Lynparza (olaparib tablets) to include the treatment of patients with certain types of breast cancer that have spread (metastasized) and whose tumors have a specific inherited (germline) genetic mutation, making it the first drug in its class (PARP inhibitor) approved to treat breast cancer, and it is the first time any drug has been approved to treat certain patients with metastatic breast cancer who have a "BRCA" gene mutation.

Guts of surfers more likely to be colonized by antibiotic-resistant bacteria, study reveals

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
Regular surfers and bodyboarders are three times more likely to have antibiotic resistant E. coli in their guts than non-surfers, new research has revealed.

Tissue-based soft robot could lead to advances in bio-inspired robotics

News Medical (Australia) - 16/01/2018
UCLA bioengineering professor Ali Khademhosseini has led the development of a tissue-based soft robot that mimics the biomechanics of a stingray. The new technology could lead to advances in bio-inspired robotics, regenerative medicine and medical diagnostics.